Nuisance in plain English is defined as something that causes mental, physical and emotional disturbance to the neighborhood where the accused lives or conducts himself.
The first instance of nuisance laws were in England, during the medieval times, when the King made laws that punished individuals from trespassing king’s property and causing general disturbance, by loud music or other activities.
For example, at 2:00 am in the midnight a neighbor plays loud music that can be heard two blocks away. This is a typical example of public nuisance. Laws have been made that pass “injunctions” against the offender. An injunction is a court order that mandates the accused to restrict his disturbing activities.
The rules of public nuisance law are established to deal with issues related to loud music, parties, blocking of roads without permission, smoking chimneys, burning combustibles that cause pollution etc.
For a person that suffers solely due to nuisance activities, tort law specifically caters to such persons.
The only difference between tort law and public nuisance law is that Tort law comes under nuisance crimes and deals with individual cases, while nuisance deals with public matters.
As per rulings by imminent jurists, even if the public were not to file a case against the offender, a single person can still sue him in the interests of the community as a whole.
Public disclosure laws deals with information disclosures that are made by Public bodies, corporations, Stock market information, and innovation patenting.
For example, as per local regulations, a manufacturer maybe required to disclose the ingredients of his food product.
Similarly, a company registered in a stock exchange is required to make full financial discloser for their investors.
As a matter of fact, the rules of public disclosure law are made specifically to protect the shareholders, customers, investors, and other stakeholders who have an interest in the said public body, corporate and other government entities.
The other aspect of public disclosure also deals with patent application. An innovator or inventor if he discloses his innovation for sale or for licensing must apply within one year for patenting. This would only be possible if the sale or manufacturing has not occurred within one year of the disclosure.
Public disclosure laws make it mandatory for banking firms to disclose the terms and conditions of financial contracts such as loans, shares, insurance etc.
The reason is to prevent fraud on the end-customer and stakeholder.
The procedure of law which can be applicable, maybe either civil or criminal, depending upon the case.
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